Embroidery can be defined as the embellishment that uplifts a design and figure. It’s the art of handwork that requires immense practice and commitment. There are multicolored types of embroidery that represent different nations and their culture. But before that, let’s understand what embroidery actually is:
What is Embroidery?
Embroidery is a craftwork of decorating fabric or other materials by using needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery can also assimilate other materials similar as pearls, beads, and sequins,etc. embroidery is substantially used on dress shirts, denim, caps, socks, etc. There are different types of embroidery used in apparel. Those are talked over in this composition.
Types of Embroidery Used in Garments:
Different types of embroidery used on garments are mentioned below:
- Whitework embroidery,
- Candlewick embroidery,
- Cross stitch embroidery,
- Pulled thread embroidery,
- Hedebo embroidery,
- Drawn thread embroidery,
- Hardanger embroidery,
- Crewel embroidery,
- Surface embroidery,
- Goldwork embroidery,
- Redwork embroidery,
- Blackwork embroidery,
- Bluework embroidery.
All the above types of embroidery are discussed in the following:
1. Whitework Embroidery:
This type of embroidery refers to any embroidery technique, where the stitching is the same color as the foundation fabric. White on white embroidery is looking beautiful and can be worked in a variety of techniques including Hardanger, surface embroidery, and hereby, etc.
2. Candlewick Embroidery:
It is one type of whitework embroidery that traditionally uses an unbleached cotton thread on a piece of unbleached muslin. This type of embroidery is made of groups of colonial knots arranged in intricate patterns.
3. Cross-stitch Embroidery:
This type of embroidery is a composite stitch consisting of two diagonally worked stitches, which form an “X” on the fabric. It is a popular form of count thread embroidery.
4. Pulled thread Embroidery:
This type of embroidery is a counted thread technique stitches, which are worked around groups of threads in the base fabric to form gaps, airy fillings, creating lacy, bands, borders, and hems.
5. Hedebo Embroidery:
This type of embroidery is one type of whitework originating in Denmark, perhaps as early as the 15th century.
6. Drawn thread Embroidery:
This type of embroidery is one kind of counted thread embroidery, which is used to create open, airy designs in the space created by “drawing” or removing threads from basic fabric. It is also known as pulled thread work.
7. Hardanger Embroidery:
Hardanger is a form of embroidery which was developed in Hardanger, Norway. This type of embroidery features cutwork and satin stitch arranged in intricate, geometric designs.
8. Crewel Embroidery:
This is one type of decorative surface embroidery, which features plants, animals, and sometimes people, arranged in a fanciful, flowing design. Crewel embroidery is worked in a variety of surface embroidery stitches. This type of technique is at least a thousand years old.
9. Surface Embroidery:
This is referred to as any type of embroidery, where the pattern is worked by the use of decorative stitches and laid threads on top of the foundation fabric. That means stitch is worked on the surface of the cloth.
10. Goldwork Embroidery:
This type of embroidery is an art of embroidery where metal threads are used. The main purpose of using metal wires is to make the threads have never been entirely gold; there has always been gold-coated silver.
11. Redwork embroidery:
This is referred to as any type of embroidery which is worked in red thread on white or natural color fabric. This type of embroidery is most common in surface embroidery and cross-stitch.
12. Blackwork Embroidery:
It is a style of counted thread embroidery which originated in Spain. This type of embroidery is traditionally worked in black thread on white or even weaves fabric.
13. Bluework Embroidery:
This is any type of embroidery that works exclusively in blue thread on a white or natural colored fabric ground. It can be surface embroidery, cross-stitch, or crewel embroidery.
14. Sashiko Embroidery:
This type of embroidery is a form of Japanese folk embroidery which uses a basic running stitch to create an intricately patterned background.
Embroidery types don’t end with only these 14, but go beyond 25. To understand how to learn and use these embroideries, JD Institute which is one of the best colleges for design in Karnataka, provides an intense teaching session, with an entire module that is dedicated to understanding the embroideries and their history. This is the Fashion Designing course, which teaches you beyond just books, with practical experience and industry exposure.