The world of design and tech come together to create UI and UX design. A UI UX designer, through UI and UX laws, holds power to create a digital world – where the entire humankind is present. This blog tells you what you need to know about how to become a UI UX designer.
A UI UX Designer uses intensive user research to create a digital product and helps users solve problems while creating a business opportunity for the creating team.
While User Experience (UX) design is the understanding of the user’s needs and how the user will be using the digital product, User Interface (UI) design is the design of this digital product’s face and interface. UI and UX principles vary at the core level.
Read further to understand how UI & UX work in the tech industry, what UI and UX laws designers must know, and how these fields can grow into career opportunities.
How to become a UI UX designer?
You can enter the field of UI and UX design through all design fields as well as technology, particularly software engineering.
The skills that you require to become a user experience designer are:
- Analytical skills
- Communication & people skills
- Research ability
- Ability to wireframe and prototype
- UX writing skills
- General visual communication
On the other hand, the skills you require to become a user interface designer are:
- Creativity and innovation
- Attention to detailing
- Interaction and communication
- Knowledge of design principles
- Experience with design – to allow for prototyping and iterations
- Back-end customer analysis
- Design-based research for the digital product
- Graphics development and branding
- Creation of user guides and storylines
- Animation and interactivity
The common traits needed are the ability to design-based thinking, an awareness of the needs of users, and a combined final goal – a product that delights users.
UI and UX in Tech Industry
UI & UX design is a crucial aspect of the tech industry because it deals with the development and design of applications, software, and websites.
UI and UX design requires a constant communication, feedback, and testing loop between the designers and engineers. This produces the ability for agile development, cleaner designs, and the possibility of finding innovative solutions to digital product problems.
It is also important for UI UX designers to be in touch with the latest technology to create the best interfaces and experiences for users. Problem-solving through interaction becomes the base of the process.
Basic Laws of UX Design
User experience design is related directly and indirectly to the user. Thus, the few basic UX laws and principles, which must be known to every designer, are:
- The aesthetic-usability effect – users assume that the more aesthetic a product is, the better function it holds.
- False-consensus effect – a designer’s views are usually false; real user inputs and feedback must be taken.
- Rule of first impressions – users take a fraction of a second to decide if they like your product.
- Peak end rule – users tend to define a product through their feelings at its peak and its end.
- Principle of familiarity – users prefer digital products that work in a similar way to what they have already used.
- Picture superiority effect – pictures and images have more recall value.
- Law of similarity – objects with a similar visual language look related.
- Law of common religion – if there is a clear boundary, objects within the boundary are seen as a group.
- Figure-ground – different layers of focus allow humans to separate objects from each other.
- Law of proximity – objects placed near each other will appear to be grouped together.
- Law of continuity – objects placed in any form of a line are seen as together.
- Law of closure – the human brain tends to fill in the gaps for voids left in the design.
- Serial position effect – first and last items of a list are more likely to be remembered.
Principles of structure
Apart from the basic UX design principles discussed above, there are several principles formalized and standardized by prominent designers and developers. These UX laws with examples are as follows:
- Pareto principle – 80% of effects come from 20% of the causes.
- Doherty threshold – when a user and their computer interact without lag, productivity increases.
- Fitts law UX – proper sizing and positioning of interactive elements increase ease of interaction.
- Hicks law UX – minimize choices and maximize decision-making for the user.
- Weber’s law – make small changes now and then rather than big, dramatic ones.
- Von Restoff’s effect – when several similar objects are present, the one that looks different is most likely to be remembered.
- Miller’s law – users can only keep up to 7 items in their minds at one time.
- The Zeigarnik Effect – people will remember incomplete tasks better than completed ones.
- Occam’s Razor – do not multiply entities unless needed.
- Postel’s Law UX – limit what you ask your users and be flexible in what data you accept from the users, too.
- Jakob’s Law – users tend to have an expectation from a website according to their cumulative experience on the internet. One such Jakob’s Law example is seen in the similarity of all online stores and e-commerce sites.
UI UX designing is a new, interesting, and well-paying career opportunity in 2023. According to AmbitionBox, a UI UX designer’s salary can range between ₹ 2.0 Lakhs to ₹ 13.9 Lakhs. The average salary is ₹ 4.8 Lakhs, which is about ₹ 40,000 per month.
This field holds a plethora of opportunities available to all passionate learners. You can avail the path toward this field from a technical as well as a design background, for example, through a user interface design course.
Why not choose a 2-year master’s course in UI-UX from the JD School of Design? With a detailed curriculum focused on visual communication and innovative methodology, this course will introduce you to the pedagogy of designing digital products and services which are new and useful, along with UI UX principles and the basic UX Laws that everyone UX designer should know about.