Indian Jewellery is known to be ornate, intricate and detailed. Jewellery has been an essential part of the Indian culture since thousands of years, and is worn as an adornment for celebrations and important occasions. Indian jewellery has its origins to the Indus Valley Civilization. Since then, India has come a long way. The jewellery has developed distinct and diverse styles that are intrinsic to the varied states of the country. Alongwith designs that are modern which are multi-occasion, elaborate and even every day wear.
Indian jewellery is not just about ornamentation, it holds a lot of significance for the people who wear it.
Types of Indian Jewellery
Following are some of the prominent types of Indian jewellery that are found in most of the Indian homes:
- Kundan Jewellery
Kundan jewellery is one of the most prevalent types of Indian jewellery, and has its roots in Rajasthan. ‘Kundan’ stands for pure gold. In this type of jewellery gold is combined with gemstones. Layer upon layer of stones and metals are joined to create exquisite designs. One can observe that the back of the kundan jewellery is ideally enamelled using the Meenakari technique. Affordable pieces of kundan jewellery are substituted with materials like brass, glass, plated metals and artificial gemstones.
- Meenakari Jewellery
Meenakari jewellery is rich, bright colours, fun and has a polished look. It can be found in both modern pieces as well as in conventional Indian designs. Apart from the colourful gemstones meenakari jewellery includes enamel artwork. Meenakari is usually paired with pearls, diamonds and other colourful gemstones.
- Polki Jewellery
Polki jewellery consists of rough, uncut diamonds which are not polished and provides it a distinct look. They are often paired with gold and other gemstones. The jewellery is expensive and ideally passed down from generation to generation. Most Polki jewellery pieces feature Meenakari work on the underside.
- Lac Jewellery
Lac jewellery is colourful and vibrant in design. Lac or lacquer, refers to the style of this jewellery type. It is popular among married women.
- Pachchikam Jewellery
Pachchikam jewellery finds its roots in Gujarat. Though similar to Kundan jewellery, it has a more rustic and fragile look. It features raw gemstones and glass set in intricate designs. Pachchikam is a traditional, old-fashioned form of Indian jewellery and is ideal for vintage looks.
- Jali Jewellery
Jali jewellery is characterised by metal mesh and filigree-like designs. The word Jali refers to screens made of wood which are found in houses. In Jali jewellery, the focus is on the metal which is manipulated to form intricate latticed patterns. This requires for the design to be drawn on the metal and then cut-out using a small saw. The metal is then polished to be glossy and sparkly.
Indian Jewellery is exhaustive. It is to be note that Indian Jewellery is more than just its appearance. Every piece has a symbolic meaning and its craftsmanship needs to be lauded for the attention to detail and techniques used. Enroll in the 1year Diploma in Fine Jewellery Design at one of the best jewellery designing institutes in Bangalore.
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