Synthetic diamonds have become a popular choice especially for the ones looking for an ethical alternative. New-age diamond simulants possess the look and beauty of authentic diamonds at a fraction of the price of coveted mined diamonds.
The most in-demand synthetic diamonds are made of carbon, which are mainly polycrystalline. Carbon is the conductor of electricity, whereas polycrystalline is not. Polycrystalline jewels are intended to match the aesthetics of mined natural diamonds. Essentially, they are not considered carbons and will not scientifically test as mined natural diamonds. The intensity of synthetic diamonds is such that they cannot be distinguished from mined natural diamonds unless one is equipped with testing equipment that can be used to identify it as synthetic diamonds. Diamond simulants are nothing but diamond alternatives that reflect mined diamonds.
All mined natural diamonds possess structural flaws known as inclusions. A competent jeweller under magnification will be able to view that the polycrystalline gemstones are flawless and void of birthmarks. This is an indication is enough to discover that these are synthetic diamonds and not mined natural diamonds. The counter salespeople at most jewellery stores are not trained jewellers or gemologists and hence cannot tell the difference between a mined natural diamond and synthetic diamonds. Hence, jewellery stores are known to invest in scientific testing equipment. On the other hand, when an expert jeweller in a retail store sees a synthetic diamond without birthmarks, he/she will be able to make out the difference between a mined natural diamond and a synthetic diamond without further testing.
Synthetic diamonds are cut with incredible precision with laser cutting machines that are controlled by computer. These machines are extremely expensive and sophisticated and create an enhanced cut that impeccably aligns the facets of the stone for extreme light refraction. The finesse for the finest polycrystalline stones is then done manually and inspected by master gem cutters. The term “hand-cut diamond” is a bit of an inaccuracy. In the current times, few quality diamonds are cut entirely by hand without any mechanical assistance. Hand-cutting was conducted before the advent of machines. A completely hand-cut stone will not have accurate facets as the one cut with computer-aided machines.
Polycrystalline synthetic diamonds have a brilliance because they come quite close to that of naturally mined diamonds.
Synthetic diamonds enjoy the patronage of a vast clientele and its economic price is another reason as to why they are favoured. Aspiring jewellery designing students should be able to understand the difference between minded natural diamonds and synthetic diamonds. This knowledge will help them cater to a diversified clientele. Enroll in the 1-year Diploma in Fine Jewellery Design course offered at one of the well-known jewellery designing training centres in Bangalore.